Ramayana (Kishkinda Hampi)
The monkey kingdom , Kishkinda, from the great Hindu epic Ramayana was here . The ape King Bali and his brother Sugriva ruled here. Due to a confusion Bali thought that his brother tried to kill him to become the King of Kishkinda. He exiled his brother, Sugriva, who took refuge on Matanga Parvata , a steep hill to the east of Hampi. Bali was very powerful as he had the blessing to get half the powers of his opponent in a combat. Due to this reason, later Lord Rama defeated him by attacking from behind. One can still see the ash of the cremated remains in Nimbapuram, adjacent to Hampi . In return, Sugriva promised Lord Rama to help him find his wife, Sita. A large underground chamber on the southern bank of the river Tungabhadra is where Sugriva hid Mata Sita’s jewelllery articles. Also one can see marks and streaks on rocks made by Mata Sita’s discarded garments.
Hampi’s History of the Vijaynagar era takes us back to the period after the arrival of Alla-Udin-Khilji in 1296, when entire Southern India was ravaged by invaders. At that time the region was under the control of the chiefs of Kampili, a small town, 19 kms east of Hampi. Sometime in 1326-27, Kampili was conquered and added to the Delhi empire. Among those taken prisoners by Mohammed Bin Tugluq were two brothers, Harihara and Bukka, the treasury officers of kampili. At this juncture people united to defend themselves, their religion and culture. It was becoming difficult for the muslim governor to manage the region, so Tugluq sent Harihara and Bukka to govern the province. The brothers returned to Kampili and later broke off their allegiance to the Delhi empire. They set up an independent state and named their capital Vijayanagar (City of Victory).It flourished for more than two hundred years.
Rama Raya interferred in the affairs of the Deccan Sultans. As a result the Muslim rulers formed a confederacy against the Vijayanagara empire. The battle took place on the banks of river Krishna (Battle of Talikota ). The Vijayanagar forces were successful at first but the treachery of their two generals led to their final defeat. Rama Raya was killed by the Sultan of Ahmadnagar. His brother fled the city carrying with him the imperial treasure and the royal family members.Hampi was left undefended and the conquerers ruthlessly destroyed its beauty. Thereafter the city never recovered its splendour.